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Instituto de Parasitología y Biomedicina
"López - Neyra"
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[ Staff | Summary of Research | Funding Agencies | Publications | Doctoral Theses | Patents | Teaching]




REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION AT LARGE DISTANCES BY ENHANCERS DURING T CELL DEVELOPMENT



Group Leader
    • María Cristina Hernández López de Munain     
        email: chmunain (@ipb.csic.es)
        Tlf: 958181646



    Staff Research Posdoctoral
    • Alonso Rodríguez Caparrós     


    Staff Research Predoctoral
    • Laura López Castellanos     
    • Candela Ruiz Rodríguez     


    Technical Assistants
    • Jenifer López Ros     


    Authorized Staff
    • Paula Gayá Valle     

     

    SUMMARY OF RESEARCH


     

    REGULATION OF GENE EXPRESSION AT LARGE DISTANCES BY ENHANCERS DURING T CELL DEVELOPMENT

     

    Our final goal is to contribute to the understanding of the molecular basis for the establishment of specific programs for T lymphocyte differentiation, through the regulation of activation and silencing of heritable gene expression. Lymphocytes are the only cellular types with different genetic information in the nucleus, as result of a process known as V(D)J recombination. This process is responsible for the rearrangement of gene segments disperse in the genome at the immunoglobulin and T-cell receptor (TCR) genes during lymphocyte development for the generation of antigen receptor diversity. In fact, the adaptive immune response in vertebrates depends on the expression of these highly variable antigen-specific receptors that allow us to recognize and generate protection against a universe of diverse pathogens. V(D)J recombination is very precisely controlled in a cell-type and stage-specific manner by enhancers, being these regulatory elements responsible for the critical architectural and chromatin gene changes that occur at different developmental cell stages. Our laboratory is interested in studying the molecular mechanisms involved in TCR enhancer function during T-cell development. The knowledge derived from this research will allows us to understand how enhancers regulate expression of TCR genes through transcription and V(D)J recombination in normal conditions, as well in those conditions that result in gene translocation that drive leukemic transformation. In addition, our group collaborates with other national and international research groups interested transcription, RNA splicing and the use of nanoparticles to deliver nucleic acids into cells and animals. More recently, our laboratory has been involved in a project to characterize the TCR?? repertoire expressed by memory T lymphocytes in COVID-19 convalescent patients. This information will help to identify the public TCR?? among different individuals and might be used to develop new therapies against COVID-19 based on T lymphocyte responses.



    Schematic representation of the V(D)J recombination process in a model antigen receptor gene. V, D and J gene segments are represented by vertical rectangles (green, yellow and pink, respectively). The constant region (C) is represented by a horizontal green rectangle, and the enhancer by a red circle. Figure taken from Alonso Rodríguez-Caparrós et al. (2020) Int J Mol Sci 21:8478.







     


    FUNDING AGENCIES LAST 5 YEARS

    - Mecanismos de señalización para el control de la transcripción por enhancers de los genes de las cadenas alfa y delta del receptor de linfocitos T durante el desarrollo. PROYECTO, PN2021 - PROY I+D GENERACION CONOC. - PID, Ref: PID2021-128720NB-I00, (2022 - 2025).

    - TCRab públicos en covid-19 y regulación de su expresión. PROYECTO, J.A.- Retos de la sociedad andaluza 2020, Ref: P20_01271, (2021 - 2023).

    - EVALUACION DE LA RESPUESTA Y REPERTORIO TCRalfa/beta DE CELULAS CD8+ MEMORIA FRENTE A. PROYECTO, INTRAMURAL-PROYECTOS INTRAMURALES (09), Ref: CSIC-COV19-114, (2020 - 2021).

    - CONTROL TRANSCRIPCIONAL A LARGAS DISTANCIAS POR ENHANCERS: LOCUS TCRA/TCRD. PROYECTO, PN2016 - PROY I+D - S. E. G. C. - P. EXCELENCIA, Ref: BFU2016-79699-P, (2016 - 2019).

     

     

    PUBLICATIONS LAST 5 YEARS

    -Rodríguez-Caparrós, A.; Álvarez-Santiago, J.; López-Castellanos, L.; Ruiz-Rodríguez, C.; Valle-Pastor, M.J.; López-Ros, J.; Angulo, Ú.; Andrés-León, E.; Suñé, C.; Hernández-Munain, C., Differently Regulated Gene-Specific Activity of Enhancers Located at the Boundary of Subtopologically Associated Domains: TCRα Enhancer, Journal of Immunology, 2022, Vol. 208: 910-928, ARTÍCULO, Id:888147

    -Alonso Rodríguez-Caparrós; Jesús Álvarez-Santiago; María Jesús del Valle-Pastor; Carlos Suñé; Jennifer López-Ros; Cristina Hernández-Munain, Regulation of T-cell Receptor Gene Expression by Three-Dimensional Locus Conformation and Enhancer Function, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2020, Vol. 21: 847822-8478, ARTÍCULO DE REVISIÓN, Id:827731

    -Suñé-Pou, M.; Limeres, M.J.; Moreno-Castro, C.; Hernández-Munain, C.; Suñé-Negre, J.M.; Cuestas, M.L.; Suñé, C., Innovative Therapeutic and Delivery Approaches Using Nanotechnology to Correct Splicing Defects Underlying Disease, Front. Genet., 2020, Vol. 11: 731, ARTÍCULO DE REVISIÓN, Id:812280

    -Prieto-Sánchez, S.; Moreno-Castro, C.; Hernández-Munain, C.; Suñé, C., Drosophila Prp40 localizes to the histone locus body and regulates gene transcription and development, Journal of Cell Science, 2020, Vol. 133: 7-jcs239509, ARTÍCULO, Id:806189

    -Moreno-Castro, C.; Prieto-Sánchez, S.; Sánchez-Hernández, N.; Hernández-Munain, C.; Suñé, C., Role for the splicing factor TCERG1 in Cajal body integrity and snRNP assembly, Journal of Cell Science, 2019, Vol. 132: 22-jcs232728, ARTÍCULO, Id:780943

    -Limeres, M.J.; Suñé-Pou, M.; Prieto-Sánchez, S.; Moreno-Castro, C.; Nusblat, A.D.; Hernández-Munain, C.; Castro, G.R.; Suñé, C.; Suñé-Negre, J.M.; Cuetsas, M.L., Development and characterization of an improved formulation of cholesteryl oleate-loaded cationic solid-lipid nanoparticles as an efficient non-viral gene delivery system, Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 2019, Vol. 184: 110533, ARTÍCULO, Id:780138

    -Suñé-Pou, M.; Limeres, M.J.; Nofrerias, I.; Nardi-Ricart, A.; Prieto-Sánchez, S.; El-Yousfi, Y.; Pérez-Lozano, P.; García-Montoya, E.; Miñarro-Carmona, M.; Ticó, J.R.; Hernández-Munain, C.; Suñé, C.; Suñé-Negre, J.M., Improved synthesis and characterization of cholesteryl oleate-loaded cationic solid lipid nanoparticles with high transfection efficiency for gene therapy applications, Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 2019, Vol. 180: 159-167, ARTÍCULO, Id:763123

    -Rodríguez-Caparrós, A.; García, V.; Casal, Á.; López-Ros, J.; García-Mariscal, A.; Tani-Ichi, S.; Ikuta, K.; Hernández-Munain, C., Notch Signaling Controls Transcription via the Recruitment of RUNX1 and MYB to Enhancers during T Cell Development, Journal of Immunology, 2019, Vol. 202: 2460-2472, ARTÍCULO, Id:763032

    -Suñé-Pou, M.; Prieto-Sánchez, S.; El Yousfi, Y.; Boyero-Corral, S.; Nardi-Ricart, A.; Nofrerias-Roig, I.; Pérez-Lozano, P.; García-Montoya, E.; Miñarro-Carmona, M.; Ticó, J.R.; Suñé-Negre, J.M.; Hernández-Munain C; Suñé, C., Cholesteryl oleate-loaded cationic solid lipid nanoparticles as carriers for efficient gene-silencing therapy, International journal of nanomedicine, 2018, Vol. 13: 3223-3233, ARTÍCULO, Id:727236


     

     

    DOCTORAL THESES LAST 5 YEARS

     

    2022

    Jesús Álvarez Santiago

    "Papel del enhancer del gen de la cadena alfa del receptor de linfocitos en la expresión del gen reordenado"

    IPBLN CSIC

     

     
    2022

    Jesús Álvarez Santiago

    "Papel del enhancer del gen de la cadena alfa del receptor de linfocitos en la expresión del gen reordenado"

    IPBLN CSIC

     

     
    2020

    Alonso Rodríguez Caparrós

    Regulación de los enhancers de los genes de las cadenas δ y ℽ del TCR durante el desarrollo de los timocitos

    IPBLN CSIC

     

     

     

     


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